Jiu-Jitsu Advantages of Psychological Education and Approach Adaptation

1 – Introduction
Jiu-jitsu is a sport that has realized new followers more and more about the environment. Also I has getting a person
of the most received growth specifically in the latest a long time.
Likewise, the quantity of persons seeking the sport have developed significantly not only in Brazil, but
worldwide, getting to be much more and more a sport of fantastic acceptance (ANDRADE et al., 2014). In order that,
It is noticed that the Jiu-jitsu competitions are becoming extremely prevalent even in other countries, like
the United States exactly where the sport has gained additional followers considerably.
Getting viewed as a large aggressive sport, it is great importance to think about that is not only about
physical skill and information that can make the difference to win from a single practitioner to yet another
like it is in several other athletics. As It is also not only about of physical condition and procedure that are
accountable for the fantastic outcomes and the differential of an athlete in get to obtain achievement or failure.
In accordance to Oliveira (2015), scientific evidence details to the fact that the athletes who are
most thriving in this and in other athletics are those people that vary from the psychological place of perspective. As
nicely according to Adhikari et al. (2014), the functionality in a supplied activity is not dependent on just the
physical attributes, involving psychological features. In this way, it is of the utmost relevance to get to
know each and every other psychic features, organic, physical and governing in extremely competitive athletics. One of
the vital issue is to develop into psychological put together and this is a point to be recognised by sport coaches.
(MARQUES GARCIA, 2006). From people initial issues, this review has the aim to comprehend
the advantages and added benefits that can be attained by way of mental coaching among the men and women who
practice the so-known as large competitiveness sporting activities with the goal of marketing higher effectiveness in athletes
who are practitioners of jiu-jitsu method.
Hence, this examine aims to highlight the importance and the benefits of mental education aiming to
advertise significant functionality in athletes who exercise jiu-jitsu.
2 – Drive element and its value in just the activity of level of competition

Motivation can be understood as the wrestle for the probable self-realization that every one
brings in by itself. Getting inspired implies using on a motivation to all the things that encourages the
accomplishment of aims that leads to the entire individual and specialist advancement (WERTHER, 1983).
Maslow (1954) described that the presented personal conduct is driven by the searching for the
gratification of a particular prerequisite – so recognized this concept as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs-that
coexist with numerous other demands which is in that specific time manifesting more apparent and
intense. This need seems, for your time, after the pleasure of other former desires.The needs have
valued or crisis character from two fundamental rules:
– Dominance: when a most primary need has not been happy so other requirements will not be ready to
organize the actions of the particular person
– Unexpected emergency: when a will need is satisfied, other emerges toward the top rated of the hierarchy of needs
might be met.
In accordance to Brown et al (2017), drive in the sport is characterized as a driving drive
towards a goal, remaining this a single of the most examined psychological factors in sport for the reason that it identifies
quite a few things associated to the observe of certain actual physical workout routines. Also, also in look at of Forbes
(2006), inspiration is the procedure responsible for the depth, course and persistence of a person’s
initiatives to accomplish a particular goal.
The satisfaction of needs created by stimuli that direct to imbalances is crucial in the concept of
enthusiasm. Werther (1983), states that drive stays where by it is ready to fulfill what is
predetermined to do.For that reason, it is needed that the person is aware, as properly as possible, what
you definitely want in your experienced daily life.
3 – Neural element of repetition strategy
The neuroscience group by now knows sufficient time the organic affect of the growth
of experience, the mind processes the practical experience to code the find out and create overall performance potential.
The so-termed mirror neurons make up this system encouraging the velocity and accuracy of our perceptions
and steps in objects simulating our ecosystem mentally. This indicates that the repetition of a specified
system to boost the accuracy and pace of movement also allows us psychological simulation of motion
as a result making option to produce new procedures from the trained system.
In other text, envision that you have trained the repetition of a projection, for illustration:
“Ippon Seoi Nage” and from “X” number of retries your brain starts to seem the most effective opportunity
mentally to enter the blow in the struggle accentuating your precision. Also You feel that your velocity in
applying the coup has evolved and now you get to see new techniques for implementing the coup as distinct
positions of the “footprints”, and that transform the software of the primary technique. An adaptation of
the situation for your physique or your “struggle mode”.
4 – Psychological Illustrations or photos (Psychological Schooling)
Also very fascinating about this location are the psychological images. The so-referred to as “mirror neurons” are
liable for discovering through observation and psychological images. For example: you are trying to perform the
identical projection “Ippon Seoi Nage” only this time mentally, this is a quite handy way for a training where
you had acquired new techniques. And used by a lot of skilled athletes and artists. Imagine by yourself by

making use of a established next motion scientific studies to clearly show that there are beneficial results for the
evolution of the movement. The psychological teaching seeks to affect the views and the
representations of the athletes to achieve the target of improving the overall performance by finding out of new
motor skills in accordance to Richard.Magill (2000).
Magill points out that one particular of the massive pros of this type of coaching applies when the motor
mastering requires significant degree of cognitive pursuits (cognition will involve a number of variables as thought:
language, perception, memory, reasoning, and so forth., which are component of the intellectual advancement) since
that cognitive activity learned is linked to what to do with this new activity used in the sport in
problem. The psychological teaching will enable in the responses pertaining to performance without the need of the force
accompanying physical effectiveness ability. Also it enable in the method consolidation and error
Gisela S Franco (2000) – A motion imagined and replayed mentally provides micro
contractions which in your time bring about a sizeable improvement of neuromuscular coordination. And
therefore, an improvement of neuromuscular coordination.
5 – Mental coaching and their purposes in sporting activities
The mental instruction originated from cognitive psychology, and It has the main objective to
endorse the very best outcomes by way of routines and purely mental representations (SOUZA PATRICIA, 2004).
Fernandes (2014) has pointed out that the mental training contributes to the development and
enhancement of focus on capabilities of a provided undertaking. In the vision of Sharma and Patricia (2004)
this coaching can bring good benefits to the athletes performance contributing odd way in defining the
very best technique to be utilized and also furnishing the correction of any errors that might be still present in the
activity. So this technique might develop into a practical device to master. It is vital to be component of the plan of
development (physical, technological or tactical). Your practitioner supplies a psychological preparing, and
self esteem, worry, panic, advancement that are instantly linked with the transformation of what to
do or master a new talent. This time, the mental expertise teaching refers to the procedures that greatly enhance the
capacity of the athlete to use your head to reach correctly the plans in the sport (FERNANDES, 2014).
When executing a psychological teaching aiming to stay away from the mental block throughout tennis matches, the tennis
player will be ready to build your aggressive capability greater. The use of mental instruction values the
field of consideration and concentration extra than other abilities, which seeks a good basis for self-
reliance (GODTSFRIEDT et al., 2014). Franco (2000) mentioned that when accomplishing an early preview of a
specific motion only in the unique head it is capable of producing micro-contractions that for
your time leads to a important coordination of muscle groups, nerves and reactions enhancement. Exercise this
system is to investigate the limitless possible that exists inside of each individual tennis participant. This teaching can be
attained through the focus in tennis and also via education of imagination (GODTSFRIEDT et
al., 2014). For Fernandes (2014), the psychological instruction is applicable to any instruction system to improve
understanding circumstances influenced by inner and exterior things.
Marques and Gomes (2006) said that some of the indications resulting from the literature
implies the reality of psychological visualization surface amongst the far more utilised techniques signing up for the
conventional interventions directed at the anxiety and panic manage ( leisure coaching). the commitment
and motivation advertising in schooling and competitions (formulation of aims) and stimulation of
styles of good views and modified in the light-weight of the needs and problems posed by

sports action (psychological designs).According to Sharma and Patricia (2004) in every single session of this approach,
it is probable to act in sensory methods in their four variables, named: the hearing, emotional, visible and
Fernandes (2014) stated that the mental education will not to be baffled with meditation. It
“requires the brain in deep considered in this sort of a way as to block the recognition of what is actually heading on with the
specific to HIS neighbourhood”,but the psychological coaching is a technique that will make the unique focus
in depth on the function of the get the job done.
6 – Psychological education and their results among jiu-jitsu athletes
Magil (2000) Said that the psychological schooling is in a position to influence not only the ideas, but also
the athletes representations with the goal of enhancing their effectiveness by learning of new motor
abilities. Marques et al. (2006) said that, even if there are difficulties and difficulties in the ideas
advancement of mental visualization, you require to check two factors: mental instruction brings constructive
affect on the skill of athletes which can show the precise scenarios of their mode stopping to make
perception that the finest practitioners end up imposing their capabilities or even if there is a deficiency of time and
alternatives to practice independently.
Spolzino and Gomes (2013) elevated the theoretical aspects of jiu-jitsu and sought to evaluate of
biopsychosocial things involving the observe of this modality. The authors have carried out searches in
the specialized literature on the issue, as well as a area exploration in the São Paulo Condition academies. The
authors ended up ready to conclude that this sport involves a full preparing not only actual physical, but also
psychological, where by its practitioners current substantial diploma of stability and harmonization. As nicely as non secular at
the Marques et al. (2006) conclusion of there is the chance of athletes becoming ready to boost the
visualization abilities in coaching and competitions and also the cognitive dimension.
7 – Dialogue
As a result of this bibliographic survey was probable to notice that the concept of mental training is
nevertheless rather new, especially on your partnership with the sporting functions and athletics in Standard. Even now,
it was feasible to notice that numerous experiments addressing the use of the approach in certain sports activities, but
that the tactic of the psychological education, particularly in its use in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, is however a very the latest
concept, with incredibly several -or almost no- particular analyze that highlights this approaching in between the studies
mentioned below. Also no experiments have been uncovered to deliver the topic of the benefits of using psychological
teaching in jiu-jitsu athletes, Although it was doable to observe that its use and positive aspects among the the
practitioners of other modalities can also be transferred to achieve superior final results in this activity so common
and so widespread currently around the globe.

By implementing the awareness and theories of psychological teaching specifically in jiu-jitsu, by staying confident the
mental training will have essential contributions to the reaction concerning the functionality of significantly
far more basic and hearty. Similarly, it will also enable in the consolidation of the technique, and lessen in
the likelihood of errors. Corroborating with the eyesight of Magil (2000), this system does have important
contribution in improving the athlete efficiency, by mastering new motor expertise. A person of the fantastic
advantages of this form of education applies when the engine’s level ´ mastering relevant to a substantial degree of
cognitive things to do (cognition requires quite a few variables as imagined, language, notion, memory, the

reasoning, etcetera., that are element of the mental progress) considering that that cognitive activity uncovered is
relevant to what to do with this new undertaking used in the sport in problem. It Is also attention-grabbing the
romantic relationship between the creativity of motion for the function of complex evolution with the
creativeness of psychological rotation. Rotational it is in manipulating an impression in distinctive rotational angles to
produce representations visible and spatial images in new angles. Scientific studies exhibit that the design and
manipulation of mental representations requires the two representations of visible order as place can be
valuable for an imaginatively generation or adaptation of techniques in the activity. Bringing this to jiu-jitsu we
can use the Rotational transformation to produce new battling positions or excellent procedures. It can be
viewed that some qualified jiu-jitsu athletes have previously mentioned applying this approach to produce new
methods of the combat, Rafael Mendes arrived to reveal this concept pretty much in the video “Finding out
& Building New Techniques” (Art of Jiu Jitsu Academy). In other words and phrases, repetition of mental motion
can assist Jiu-Jitsu athletes improve their overall performance in the activity by aiding to proper, realize,
boost, enhance response time at the time of real application, and strengthen motor ability. At the time the
mental repetition is made use of, the particular person maximizes his education and evolution for the reason that it can be practiced
at rest situations amongst the precise traditional schooling, even without having possibility of injuries as in the circumstance of the typical
We can conclude from this review and include in the classic education an “smart” instruction strategy
which it is not only about the repetition of bodily movement in purchase to get benefits of substantial
functionality and evolution in Jiu-jitsu, but there is also introduce mental schooling with a lot of
pros as currently pointed out.

Sport evolutionary component and distinct capacity
Jiu-jitsu as opposed to other sporting activities or martial arts has not stopped its evolution. it is distinct that thanks to its
variable of conditions in the struggle the activity and martial art will not interrupt its evolution so before long.
Currently being incredibly infamous the complex degree change of athletes of ten a long time bringing it to present New
methods are produced practically each day at a speed never ever seen in other sporting activities. Some thing that is easily
found in particular person analyzes of skilled jiu-jitsu athletes is the specific precise capabilities: the
“specialties”. Because of to the exclusive adaptive features of jiu-jitsu, you will hardly obtain two athletes who
struggle and make completely equivalent tactics mainly because a selection of factors this sort of as biotype, strength,
stamina, flexibility and strategy, distinctive from athlete to athlete.
Some set up athletes are industry experts in selected strategies of jiu-jitsu and they have adapted to
by themselves positions that have manufactured them champions. And therefore, they progressed. The adaptive
capacity is not only observed on a skilled degree, but also the development of new approaches or evolutions of
classical techniques.
8 – Conclusion
It is concluded that, even though a lack of studies addressing the concept of psychological education for
jiu-jitsu athletes, this systematic is fully useful for athletes of this modality, representing a real
adaptation of the posture for their body or their “manner of combating “, getting continue to beneficial results for
the evolution of the movement as a result of repetition, past visualization and steady sort.

Study References

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CASSETTARI, R.M. GRAÇA, R.L. Fatores motivacionais de atletas amadores
de jiu-jitsu brasileiro na cidade de Criciúma. EFDeportes.com, Revista Electronic, 19(193), 2014.

CASTANHO, G.K.F. VIDUAL, M.B.P. FERNANDES, P.T. Motivação para o consumo de suplementos nutricionais por praticantes de exercícios físicos. Conexões: Educ. Fís., Esporte e Saúde, Campinas: SP, 15(1): 92-108, jan./mar. 2017.

FERNANDES, R.B. O efeito do treinamento mental na aprendizagem do mortal grupado por trás no trampolim acrobático. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso apresentado à Universidade Regional do Noroeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, como avaliação parcial para obtenção do grau em Licenciatura e Bacharelado em Educação Física, Unijuí, Ijuí, RS, 44p., 2014.

FIGUEIREDO, J.F. Motivação e produtividade no trabalho: um estudo de caso na empresa tabacaria e presentes. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Administração), UniCEUB, Centro Universitário de Brasília, DF, 44p., 2006.

FRANCO, G.S. Psicologia no Esporte e na Atividade Física. Editora Manole, 206p., 2000.

GODTSFRIEDT, J. ANDRADE, A. VASCONCELOS, D.I.C. Treinamento psychological no tênis: revisão sistemática da literatura. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Esporte, Florianópolis, 36(2): 577-586, 2014.

MAGIL, R.A. Aprendizagem Motora: Conceitos e Aplicações. Editora RA Blucher, 2000.

MARQUES, A. GOMES, A.R. Avaliação da eficácia de um programa de treino de visualização psychological num escalão de formação desportiva no basquetebol. Análise Psicológica, 4 (XXIV): 533-544, 2006.

OLIVEIRA, L.L.V. A influência da psicologia do esporte nos métodos de atuação de técnicos no desempenho competitivo de atletas de artes marciais. Trabalho de conclusão de curso (bacharelado – Educação Física) – Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de
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SOUZA, F.D. FIDALE, T.M. REZENDE, F.N. MEDEIROS, R.S. Jiu-jitsu: qual sua motivação? EFDeportes.com, Revista Electronic. Buenos Aires, 16(165), 2012.

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SPOLZINO, M.C. GOMES, C. Caracterização teórica da filosofia Saikoo de Jiu-jitsu e das contribuições da psicologia desportiva na functionality dos atletas. Revista Odontológica de Araçatuba, 34(2):39-44, Julho/Dezembro, 2013.


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Richard A. Magill Aprendizagem motora, conceitos e aplicações

Psicologia no Esporte e na Atividade Fisica Gisela Sartori Franco